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Clavicle Fracture in Skaters: A Comprehensive Guide

Skateboarding is a popular sport that has gained immense popularity over the years. With its unique blend of athleticism and creativity, it has attracted a large number of enthusiasts worldwide. However, like any other sport, skateboarding comes with its fair share of risks and injuries. One of the most common injuries that skaters face is a clavicle fracture. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of clavicle fractures in skaters.

Understanding Clavicle Fractures

A clavicle fracture, also known as a broken collarbone, is a common injury that occurs when the collarbone, a long bone that connects the shoulder blade to the breastbone, breaks. This type of fracture is often caused by a direct blow to the shoulder or a fall onto an outstretched arm. Skaters are particularly prone to clavicle fractures due to the nature of the sport, which involves high-speed maneuvers, jumps, and falls.

Clavicle fractures can vary in severity, ranging from a simple crack in the bone to a complete break. The severity of the fracture depends on the force of impact and the angle at which the collarbone is hit. In some cases, the broken ends of the bone may remain aligned, while in others, they may become displaced.

Causes of Clavicle Fractures in Skaters

Skateboarding involves a variety of maneuvers and tricks that put significant stress on the body, especially the upper extremities. Some of the common causes of clavicle fractures in skaters include:

  • Falls onto an outstretched arm: When a skater falls and tries to break the fall with an outstretched arm, the force of impact can be transmitted to the collarbone, leading to a fracture.
  • Direct blows to the shoulder: Collisions with obstacles, other skaters, or the ground can result in a direct blow to the shoulder, causing the collarbone to break.
  • High-speed maneuvers: Skaters often perform high-speed maneuvers, such as jumps and flips, which can increase the risk of falling and fracturing the clavicle.

It is important for skaters to be aware of these potential causes and take appropriate precautions to minimize the risk of clavicle fractures.

Symptoms of Clavicle Fractures

Recognizing the symptoms of a clavicle fracture is crucial for early diagnosis and treatment. Some common symptoms of clavicle fractures in skaters include:

  • Pain and tenderness in the collarbone area
  • Swelling and bruising around the collarbone
  • Difficulty moving the arm on the affected side
  • A visible deformity or bump at the site of the fracture

If you experience any of these symptoms after a fall or a direct blow to the shoulder while skateboarding, it is important to seek medical attention promptly.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Clavicle Fractures

Diagnosing a clavicle fracture typically involves a physical examination, medical history review, and imaging tests. During the physical examination, the doctor will assess the range of motion in the shoulder, look for signs of swelling or deformity, and apply pressure to the collarbone to check for tenderness.

Imaging tests, such as X-rays or CT scans, may be ordered to confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the fracture. X-rays can provide detailed images of the collarbone, allowing the doctor to assess the alignment of the broken ends and identify any displacement.

The treatment of clavicle fractures depends on the severity of the injury. In cases where the broken ends of the bone remain aligned, non-surgical treatment options may be recommended. These can include:

  • Immobilization: The use of a sling or brace to immobilize the arm and allow the bone to heal naturally.
  • Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications or prescription painkillers may be prescribed to manage pain and discomfort.
  • Physical therapy: Once the bone has healed, physical therapy exercises may be recommended to restore strength and range of motion in the shoulder.

In cases where the fracture is severe or the broken ends of the bone are significantly displaced, surgical intervention may be necessary. Surgery for clavicle fractures typically involves realigning the broken ends of the bone and securing them with plates, screws, or pins.

Prevention of Clavicle Fractures in Skaters

While it is impossible to completely eliminate the risk of clavicle fractures in skateboarding, there are several preventive measures skaters can take to reduce the likelihood of injury:

  • Wearing protective gear: Skaters should always wear appropriate protective gear, including helmets, elbow pads, and wrist guards. While these may not directly protect the collarbone, they can help prevent falls and reduce the risk of injuries.
  • Learning proper techniques: Skaters should receive proper training and instruction to learn the correct techniques for maneuvers and tricks. This can help minimize the risk of falls and reduce the impact on the collarbone.
  • Conditioning and strengthening exercises: Regular conditioning and strengthening exercises can help improve overall body strength and stability, reducing the risk of falls and fractures.
  • Choosing skateboarding surfaces wisely: Skaters should be mindful of the surfaces they skate on. Uneven or poorly maintained surfaces can increase the risk of falls and fractures.

By following these preventive measures, skaters can significantly reduce the risk of clavicle fractures and other skateboarding-related injuries.


Clavicle fractures are a common injury among skaters, often caused by falls, direct blows to the shoulder, or high-speed maneuvers. Recognizing the symptoms and seeking prompt medical attention is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment. Treatment options range from non-surgical methods, such as immobilization and physical therapy, to surgical intervention in severe cases. Skaters can reduce the risk of clavicle fractures by wearing protective gear, learning proper techniques, engaging in conditioning exercises, and choosing skateboarding surfaces wisely. By taking these preventive measures, skaters can enjoy the sport while minimizing the risk of injury.

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